On March 1, 2017, Armenian Caucus Co-Chair Rep. Frank Pallone, Jr. honored the victims of the Sumgait pogroms and condemned Azerbaijan’s attacks .
Mr. Speaker, I rise today to commemorate the Sumgait
pogroms, one of the most horrific attacks against the Armenian people,
committed at the hands of Azerbaijanis 29 years ago.
On February 27, 1988, hundreds of Armenian civilians living
in the city of Sumgait in Azerbaijan were indiscriminately killed, raped,
maimed, and even burned alive for no reason other than their ethnicity. This
senseless violence was instigated by hostile, anti-Armenian rhetoric from
Azerbaijani citizens and officials against innocent Armenians.
For nearly three decades, Azerbaijan has taken steps to
cover up these crimes against humanity and dismiss the atrocities at Sumgait.
Even more disturbing is that perpetrators of this event and similar violent
attacks have since been lauded as national heroes.
I condemn these horrific attacks. Tragically, the
Azerbaijani government’s approach toward the Armenian people has not changed
much since these attacks were perpetrated. In 2017, we hear the same violent
rhetoric and witness the intimidation tactics by the Azerbaijani government
against the people of Nagorno Karabakh.
If we do not condemn crimes against humanity and allow them
to go unpunished and unrecognized we only strengthen the resolve of those
seeking to perpetrate these crimes in the future. The Armenian people have
known this for too long, as we prepare to commemorate the 102nd anniversary
of the Armenian Genocide in April.
I will continue to work with my colleagues on the
Congressional Armenian Issues Caucus to remember the victims of the pogroms at
Sumgait and to condemn all acts of violence against people who are targeted
simply because of their existence. I hope my colleagues will join me in
rejecting violent rhetoric and intimidation and renewing our commitment to achieving
a collective peace.
Urge your Congressman to issue a statement honoring the victims of the Azeri pogroms, committed by Azerbaijani mobs against Armenian civilians in 1988.
(HDP Party) – On January 14, Garo Paylan, an ethnically Armenian
Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) Member of Parliament (MP) for
Istanbul, delivered a speech at the Parliament during the discussion on Constitutional
amendments. In his speech Mr. Paylan stressed the importance
of pluralism when making constitutions, citing examples from the late
Ottoman period. Stating that chaos begins when pluralism at the Parliament
disappears, he said: “A period of 10 years of chaos started and during that period,
between 1913-1923, we lost four peoples: Armenians, Greeks, Assyrians, and Jews.
They were deported amidst large-scale massacres and genocides.” Upon
the Justice and Development Party (AKP)
Nationalist Movement Party (MHP)
MPs verbally assaulted Mr. Paylan for using the word
“genocide” and forced him to apologize. As the tension grew, AKP, MHP, and the Republic People’s Party (CHP) MPs voted to suspend Mr. Paylan’s right to attend plenary session for 3 days.
In order to fulfill their parliamentary mandates, MPs should have the
right to express their ideas without any fear and intimidation. This suspension
is in clear violation of freedom of expression that simultaneously delineates the
limits of “acceptable” speech at the Turkish parliament. This antidemocratic
practice also gives insight into the character of Constitutional amendments
under debate and the presidential system that Erdoğan-AKP regime is so eager to
Please find below parts of Mr. Paylan’s speech that resulted in his
“Once we were 40 percent of the population, we are now as few as
one in a thousand!”
Whenever full authority is given to one single person and all
institutions are made dysfunctional, nations collapse. This is the story of
many centuries. In Turkey’s history, a similar situation can be observed.
Whenever institutions get stronger, our country starts to find peace. Whenever
dictatorships or military coups take hold, our country gets poorer.
“When your children and
grand children will call you to account, you won’t be able to look them in the
We are passing through a historic period; we are making a big
mistake. You are insisting on making this mistake. You won’t be able to account
for our actions when your children call you to account: they will ask, “Dad,
grandfather, did you vote for this contemptible constitutional amendment?” And
you won’t be able to look at them in the eyes. Please, prevent this before it’s
We must draw lessons form history. Some would praise the Ottoman
period while others would curse it. There was a system of nations during the
Ottoman era. [There was] a state with a pluralistic structure, in the zeitgeist
of that moment… Especially during the disintegration period, the dreams of
freedom from Europe wrapped up Anatolia. The remaining subjects struggled for
This pursuit spread the feeling that “there is need for a
parliament in the Ottoman state.” And finally, the first parliament was
constituted in 1876.
“In the Ottoman Parliament, 40 percent of those who wrote the
constitution were Christians.”
109 people wrote the first constitution;
69 among them were Muslims and 40 were Christians. The same proportion as the
Ottoman population… Today, we are as few as one in a thousand. Back in those
days, there was such an impressive pluralism and representation. Krikor Odyan
is one of those who wrote the constitution. A pluralistic constitution; every
person could find himself/herself in it. Abdülhamit became the Sultan on the
back of the claim that he would establish this parliament, but a year later he
used the Ottoman-Russian war as an excuse to abolish it. 30 years of despotism
“Once we were 40 percent of the population, now we are as few as
one in a thousand.”
Every tyranny comes to an end. Those you value feel like they have
won, but those you ignore either fall into silence or they revolt. Thus in
1908, the Second Constitutional Era came into play, a pluralist constitution
was consolidated. Later, the junta led by Talat and Enven eviscerated this
constitution, and as Mehmet Parsak said, the junta came to power claiming they
were “establishing the Turk’s Constitution.” They disabled the parliament and
plurality. A period of 10 years of chaos started and during that period,
between 1913-1923, we lost four peoples: Armenians, Greeks, Assyrians and Jews.
They were deported amidst large-scale massacres and genocides.
I call it genocide, you can call it whatever you want.
Once we were 40% of the population, now we are as few as one in a
thousand. Doubtless, something terrible happened to us. I call it genocide, you
can call it whatever you want. Let’s name it together and move on. The Armenian
people know what happened to them. I know what happened to my ancestors, to my
grandfather. I am one of the “leftovers of the sword” (“kılıç artığı”) as you call it,
declared null and void, reduced to one in a thousand. Let’s draw lessons from
the past and not develop calamities out of it. You name it and let’s confront