consequences of Turkey’s armed incursion of Cyprus in 1974 compound, to this
day, a sore point in the modern history of the island: military invasion,
division, demolition of human rights, extensive foreign settlements, social
decay, and property seizure, and ethnic exclusion. This has been the status quo
of the island for 41 years.
commemoration included powerful remarks from Members of Congress, such as Representatives
Chris Van Hollen (D-MD), Joe Crowley (D-NY), Albio Sires (D-NJ), Dina Titus
(D-NV), David Cicilline (D-RI), Ted Deutch (D-FL), Gus Bilirakis (R-FL), Ileana
Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), Carolyn Maloney (D-NY), John Sarbanes (D-MD), Niki Tsongas
(D-MA), Eliot Engel (D-NY), and Brad Sherman (D-CA). In addition to Members of
Congress, Ambassador of Greece to the U.S. Christos Panagopoulos, Ambassador of
Cyprus to the U.S. George Chacalli, and AHI President Nick Laragakis also
addressed the audience on the solemn occasion.
ranged from American-Greek foreign affairs to the long-standing occupation of
Cyprus. Hellenic Caucus Co-Chair Representative Maloney spoke about Cyprus’
reunification, and the hardship presented to Cyprus due to Turkey’s forty
thousand occupying troops. Congresswoman Niki Tsongas (D-MA) addressed the
youth in the room by encouraging engagement and the need of new compassionate
members who partake in the Greek American affairs. Brad Sherman (D-CA) pointed out,
“It’s important to remain effective during this difficult time and with a
difficult government in Ankara.” Representative Sarbanes spoke on behalf of
future prospects for peace with the commemoration of the invasion of Turkey in
Cyprus over 40 years ago, “As negotiations continue in Cyprus, there will be
critical moments when I hope the U.S. administration will step in,” said
Sarbanes. Congresswoman Ros-Lehtinen stated, “The illegal occupation of
Turkey in Cyprus has left thousands denied their right to return to their homes
Congress has long sustained engagement in a resolution of the Cyprus conflict.
Lack of a negotiated agreement extends to relations between Turkey and the European
Union (EU), Turkey and Greece, and EU and NATO. The situation also warrants
attention because of the U.S. interest in a strong relationship with Turkey and
the prospect that the Eastern Mediterranean could play an important role in
Hellenic Institute, Inc. (AHI) was founded on August 1, 1974, following
Turkey’s invasion of Cyprus with the illegal use of American-supplied arms in
violation of U.S. laws and agreements. AHI initiated the rule of law issue in
the Congress in the interests of the U.S., thus changing the face of American
politics. In the years since 1974, AHI has kept the spirit of the rule of law
alive. AHI and its affiliate organizations have championed the rule of law and
American values in foreign policy as in the best interests of the U.S. This is
especially true in Southeast Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean, a region
critically important to American national interests.
Assembly, for its part, will always stand with our Greek and Cypriot
compatriots in our common struggle for freedom and justice.
Mariam Khaloyan is an intern with
the Armenian National Institute as a participant in the Armenian Assembly of
America’s Terjenian-Thomas Summer Internship Program in Washington, DC. Mariam
is a senior studying Psychology at University of Maryland, Baltimore County.
HOUSE: The House is in the last week of the summer recess and will return next Monday, September 8th. Although Congress will only be in session for two weeks before the midterm election, there are many legislative issues left to address, most importantly: funding the government. Although both chambers have adopted fiscal year (FY) 2015 appropriations bills that cover funding for Armenia and Nagorno Karabakhhttp://bit.ly/1lNC7r3, Congress has been unable to wrap up the annual appropriations process. The House has passed seven out of twelve appropriations bills, while the Senate has passed zero. As FY 2014 is set to end on September 30th, Congress is expected to pass a stop-gap spending package at current levels that, according to House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH), will fund the government until sometime in early December.
In addition to appropriations, some sort of immigration reform/child migrant crisis resolution, reauthorization of the Ex-Im Bank, and dealing with the growing threat of the Islamic State are all big ticket issues on the agenda.
– WHAT ABOUT PRO-ARMENIAN LEGISLATION?: In the 113th Congress, two pro-Armenian measures were introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives: H.R. 4347, the Turkey Christian Churches Accountability Act, and H. Res. 227, the Armenian Genocide Truth & Justice Resolution. Under Chairman Ed Royce (R-CA), H.R. 4347 passed the House Foreign Affairs Committee on June 26, 2014 http://bit.ly/UNolL9. It is now up to Speaker Boehner to schedule the bill for a vote. At this time, it remains to be seen if the Speaker will bring this important, international religious freedom legislation to the House floor before Congress adjourns for the midterm election. However, there is still the possibility that H.R. 4347 receives full consideration after the election. Congress is scheduled to return on November 12th for a lame-duck session to conclude the 113th Congress. Recall that in 2011, the House passed H. Res. 306, which similarly calls on Turkey to return confiscated Christian property – albeit on less stringent terms – during the lame duck of the 112th Congress. http://bit.ly/1waTANm The Armenian Assembly of America continues to advocate for full passage of H. R. 4347, the Turkish Christian Churches Accountability Act of 2014.
The Armenian Genocide Truth & Justice Resolution, H. Res. 227, currently has 52 cosponsors and is still pending in the House Foreign Affairs Committee. This resolution differs greatly from previous Armenian Genocide resolutions that gathered close to 200 cosponsors and that which passed said committee in 2010, 2007, 2005 and 2000. These more recent resolutions were mirrored off the Assembly-backed S.J. Res. 212, a Senate resolution commemorating the 75th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide and reaffirming the U.S. record, back in 1990.
SENATE: Like the House, the Senate will return from recess next Monday. In addition to resolving the major issues mentioned above, the Senate will look to confirm a slew of ambassadorial nominations, including posts in Yerevan, Baku, and Ankara.
– FORMER SENATOR JIM JEFFORDS PASSES AT 80: On August 18th, the political world was saddened by the death of former U.S. Senator James Jeffords of Vermont. His death was widely noted as he represented a principled voice in United States national politics for over 30 years before retiring in 2007 because of health problems. For Americans of Armenian descent, however, Jeffords was also a part of a different political history. In the 101st Congress, Senator Jeffords was an original cosponsor of S.J.Res. 212, a bill marking the 75th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide and reaffirming the U.S. record http://bit.ly/1lG61Aj.
– AMBASSADOR WATCH: Despite what some Armenian organizations would have you believe, the Senate adjourned for the month-long August recess without confirming John R. Bass as the next U.S. ambassador to Turkey, not because Senators believe he warranted additional scrutiny, but simply because they ran out of time. With over 50 posts vacant around the world, the Senate was only able to confirm one top-priority nominee prior to the recess, the U.S. ambassador to Russia. Some Armenian media outlets mistakenly reported that Bass denied the Armenian Genocide during his confirmation hearing, even though he faced no questions on the Armenian Genocide at that hearing. Bass’ nomination is likely to be confirmed in the coming weeks, according to sources familiar with his nomination. For more on Bass see here: http://bit.ly/1omXhcT. You can also watch Senator John McCain (R-AZ) grill Bass (no pun intended) on Erdogan’s drift toward authoritarianism here: http://bit.ly/1xggpUa.
In addition, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (SFRC), under Chairman Robert Menendez (D-NJ), has yet to hold confirmation hearings on President Obama’s nominees for ambassador to Armenia and Azerbaijan, Richard M. Mills, Jr. and Robert F. Cekuta, respectively. The SFRC is expected to schedule their confirmation hearings in the next two weeks. For more on Mills see here http://bit.ly/1r3hHxZ and for more on Cekuta see here http://bit.ly/1omXhcT.
– PENDING LEGISLATION: On April 10th, the SFRC passed S. Res. 410, the Armenian Genocide resolution http://bit.ly/1gQP8cR. Introduced by Chairman Menendez, it currently has 10 cosponsors and awaits a vote on the Senate floor. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV), a long time advocate of Armenian American issues and a cosponsor of S. Res. 410, has not yet scheduled a vote on the bill. The Senate operates under different rules than the House, making it much more difficult to pass an Armenian Genocide resolution. A single Senator can place a hold on the measure, effectively blocking its passage.
WHERE THEY’VE BEEN – ANKARA, BAKU: Last week, Armenia’s Foreign Minister, Eduard Nalbandian, attended the inauguration of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, following his victory in the first direct election of that nation’s president. After the inauguration, Nalbandian walked over to Erdogan and personally handed him an invitation letter from Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan to attend the Armenian Genocide centennial commemoration in Yerevan on April 24, 2015 http://bit.ly/Z4S6Jx.
As is customary in Turkish politics, the new leader is expected to visit the unrecognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and Azerbaijan in his first trip abroad. In Baku, Erdogan met with Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev. Among various issues discussed, the two Turkic leaders pledged to support each other in their international campaign to smear Armenians. According to media reports, Erdogan promised to raise the Nagorno Karabakh issue at the upcoming NATO summit taking place in Newport, Wales, September 4-5. At the summit, Erdogan is planning to “demand [of NATO] the fulfillment of promises to Azerbaijan” on Nagorno Karabakh http://bit.ly/1lK8yJD. Which begs the question, what promises has NATO given to Azerbaijan on Nagorno Karabakh?
For more on NATO-Azerbaijan relations, see Gevorg Shahbazyan and Peter Kechichian’s analysis “NATO and Azerbaijan: an Unbalanced Partnership” here http://bit.ly/1qOfsLy.
The two authoritarian rulers also promised to do their utmost to advance denial of the Armenian Genocide in the run up to the centennial anniversary next year. “Turkey and Azerbaijan work in a coordinated manner to dispel the myth of the ‘Armenian genocide’ in the world,” Azerbaijani ruler Ilham Aliyev tweeted after his meeting with Erdogan http://bit.ly/Z8Hr0w.
WHERE THEY’RE GOING – NEWPORT, ANKARA: As mentioned above, the NATO summit in Wales started today. President Obama was flanked by Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel and Secretary of State John Kerry. President Obama’s personal attendance comes on the heels of a trip to Eastern Europe. Armenian President Sargsyan announced this week that he plans to attend the summit and delivered remarks. It was just announced that Secretary Kerry held a tri-lateral meeting today with Sargsyan and Aliyev to discuss the Nagorno Karabakh conflict on the sidelines of the summit http://bit.ly/1o2u9Io.
Following the NATO summit, Defense Secretary Hagel will travel to Ankara next week where he is expected to press the Turkish government to help confront the Islamic State http://1.usa.gov/Z5RovF.
HAPPY IN KARABAKH: Remember the “Happy in Yerevan” song? You know, the Armenian spoof of Pharrell Williams’ “Happy” song that was produced by the U.S. Embassy in Armenia? Well, it looks like happiness is contagious, and Karabakhtsis have no immunization http://bit.ly/1pFfCIV. And if you still need more happiness in your life, check out the “Making of Happy in Karabakh,” which your Agenda writers found more entertaining than the actual music video http://bit.ly/1m3uGMq.
UPCOMING EVENTS IN WASHINGTON:
– Thursday, September 11: The Woodrow Wilson Center, “Turkey’s Presidential Elections 2014 – What do they mean for Turkey’s democratization process, the Kurdish question and Turkey’s foreign policy?” http://bit.ly/Whn7rB.
LAST STATE PRIMARIES OF 2014 CYCLE: Voters in Delaware, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island will head to the polls next Tuesday, September 9th to elect their respective party nominees, closing out the primary season.
DAYS UNTIL GENERAL ELECTION: 61
ARMENIAN CONGRESSIONAL TRIVIA: Who was the first Armenian American elected to the U.S. Congress? Bonus points if you can tell me what party and state he/she represented. The first person to correctly respond will get a shout out in the next edition of Assembly Agenda.
Send tips, suggestions, comments, complaints and corrections to firstname.lastname@example.org. If you don’t already, please follow me on Twitter @Taniel_Shant and follow the Armenian Assembly of America @ARAMAC_DC.