(AINA) – The following is a list of Assyrian churches and monasteries in Syria that have been destroyed by ISIS and other Muslim groups. Also included is a list of non-Assyrian churches that have been destroyed.
Attacks on Christians in Syria began almost immediately after the Syrian civil war began. The attacks have targeted villages, churches monasteries and the clergy, and have been perpetrated by Al-Qaeda, The Al-Nusra Front, ISIS and other Muslim groups.
Destroyed Assyrian Churches
On February 23 ISIS attacked the 35 Assyrian villages on the Khabur river in Hasaka, Syria, capturing 253 Assyrians. In the subsequent months it destroyed 11 churches and villages, rendering some villages uninhabitable.
Welcome to the last Assembly Agenda of 2014! Below is a full recap of what went down on Capitol Hill when the 113th Congress came to a close this week. While I explain the “Cromnibus,” new ambassadors head to Armenia and Azerbaijan, retiring Congressman Moran looks to line his pockets with Azeri petro-dollars, and Jeb Bush leans in, here’s the Assembly Agenda: your go-to source for Armenian American issues in Washington, DC.
HOUSE: Last Friday, the House of Representatives adjourned for the year after passing a $1.1 trillion budget bill known as the “CRomnibus,” for Fiscal Year (FY) 2015. Part continuing resolution, or “CR,” and part “omnibus,” the legislation establishes new funding levels for the entire federal government through September 30, 2015, except for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The DHS will be funded at FY14 levels through March 30, 2015, which will allow the incoming Republican Congress a chance to debate and potentially make changes to the department that are critical to enforcing President Obama’s post-election executive order on immigration, which was what caused the delays in the lame-duck budget process in the first place. In 2014 the House passed 11 out of 12 appropriations bills, nearly completing the process, whereas the Senate passed none. These 11 funding bills are the “omnibus” portion of the massive spending bill, while the “CR” part refers to the continuation of FY14 funding for DHS, hence the term “CRomnibus.”
While specific funding levels were not delineated for Armenia, Karabakh, and Azerbaijan in the cromnibus, the bill provides approximately $49 billion for State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (SFOPS) for FY15 overall, and $1.9 billion less than the President’s request. US aid to Armenia in the cromnibus will follow President Obama’s request for a total of $24.7 million in FY15. The President’s request maintains military aid parity between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Also, the cromnibus includes language adopted by the Senate on Nagorno Karabakh and maintained Section 907 of the Freedom Support Act. For a break down of the numbers, see here: http://bit.ly/1lNC7r3.
– WHAT ABOUT PRO-ARMENIAN LEGISLATION? In the 113th Congress, two pro-Armenian measures were introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives: H.R. 4347, the Turkey Christian Churches Accountability Act, and H. Res. 227, the Armenian Genocide Truth & Justice Resolution.
Under Chairman Ed Royce (R-CA), H.R. 4347 passed the House Foreign Affairs Committee (HFAC) on June 26, 2014 http://bit.ly/UNolL9. However, the Churches Bill was not scheduled for a vote on the House floor before adjourning for the year.
The Armenian Genocide Truth & Justice Resolution, H. Res. 227, was not brought up in committee. Given the divergence of this bill from previous Armenian Genocide bills, and the problems Chairman Royce and HFAC Ranking Member Elliot Engel (D-NY) encountered when passing the Churches Bill, H. Res. 227 languished, garnering fewer cosponsors than resolutions adopted by HFAC in past Congresses.
SENATE: Like the House, the Senate finally passed the cromnibus bill and sent it to President Obama late Saturday night. Outgoing Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) had hoped to finish his chambers work shortly after the House wrapped up, however, a last-ditch effort by Senator Ted Cruz (R-TX) in opposition to the spending measure forced the Senate to continue working through the weekend. Cruz’s actions did two things: First, it opened up floor time for Reid to begin moving Obama’s pending appointments earlier than originally planned; Second, it caused Senators to scrap their weekend plans and return to the Capitol to vote on the cromnibus. Senator Kelly Ayote (R-NH) was already at the airport when she got the call to come back, missing her daughter’s ballet performance, while incoming Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Senator Bob Corker (R-TN) had to cancel his planned trip to Iraq, Turkey, and Pakistan. Eventually, Cruz’s point of order would be defeated and the Senate ultimately passed the cromnibus spending package and sent it to the President for his signature.
– I’M LEAVING ON A JET PLANE: Following the budget vote in the Senate, Reid set up confirmation votes on a slew of President Obama’s nominees on Monday and Tuesday. Several vacancies were filled, including ambassador posts in Yerevan and Baku. As expected, the Senate easily confirmed Richard M. Mills, Jr. and Robert F. Cekuta, as the next US ambassador to Armenia and Azerbaijan, respectively. For some background on Mills see here http://bit.ly/1r3hHxZ and for more on Cekuta see here http://bit.ly/1omXhcT.
– PENDING LEGISLATION: On April 10th, the SFRC passed S. Res. 410, the Armenian Genocide resolution http://bit.ly/1gQP8cR. Introduced by Chairman Menendez, it had 10 cosponsors, but didn’t make it to the Senate floor. Outgoing Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV), a long time advocate of Armenian American issues, was a cosponsor of S. Res. 410. However, he did not bring the resolution up for a vote. The Senate operates under different rules than the House, making it much more difficult to pass an Armenian Genocide resolution. A single Senator can place a hold on the measure, effectively blocking its passage.
This year’s committee passage was historic as an Armenian Genocide resolution had not passed a Senate committee in almost 25 years. That bill, in 1990, was brought to the floor under the leadership of then-Senate Majority Leader Robert Dole (R-KS), but failed two cloture votes after being filibustered by Senator Robert Byrd (D-WV).
TURKISH, AZERBAIJANI, GEORGIAN FOREIGN MINISTERS MEET: Also this week, the foreign ministers of Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Georgia met in the Turkish city of Kars. The tri-lateral meeting is the fourth such meeting since the three began regular negotiations in this format in 2012 http://bit.ly/1v01HKL. The meeting is timely, given Russia’s decision the week prior to scrap the planed South Stream pipeline for an alternate pipeline that would deliver Russian natural gas to Europe via Turkey http://read.bi/1AfwUPJ.
MORAN TO LOBBY FOR AZERBAIJAN: Not even out of office, retiring Rep. Jim Moran (D-VA) has informed the House Ethics Committee that he is pursuing new employment for his post-Congress life. According to a report from the Sunlight Foundation, Moran has entered into negotiations to work for the Assembly of Friends of Azerbaijan (AFAZ). “This is true that retiring Congressman Jim Moran and Assembly of the Friends of Azerbaijan entered the negotiations for employment,” Kemal Oksuz, president of AFAZ said. “He will provide consulting and advising services to AFAZ in its activities in the United States.” http://bit.ly/1wNR3dk
WHAT WILL THE NEXT CONGRESS LOOK LIKE?: The last outstanding races of the 2014 midterm elections have finally been called. In Louisiana, incumbent Senator Mary Landrieu (D-LA) lost reelection to Congressman Bill Cassidy (R-LA). Cassidy was a member of the Azerbaijan Caucus during his time in the House, giving them another friend in the Senate. Two open seat Congressional races in the Bayou State also went to Republicans.
In Arizona, Republican Martha McSally defeated Democratic incumbent Ron Barber in Arizona’s 2nd Congressional district. The seat was formerly held by Gabrielle Giffords (D-AZ), who voted YES on the Armenian Genocide resolution in the HFAC in 2007. Barber, a former staffer of Giffords’, succeeded her after she resigned following the attack on her life in 2011. Unknown to most Armenian Americans, Turkish PACs had been targeting this seat since the 2008 election cycle, funneling thousands of dollars to Giffords’ opponent.
With the final races called, the House will now have a Republican majority of 247-188 Democrat, the largest House majority for Republicans since the Hoover Administration.
The Senate will also now hold a Republican Majority of 54 seats, while Democrats will hold 46 (2 Independents caucus with Democrats). It is unclear if the incoming Senate Republicans will overturn the “nuclear option,” a rule change made by Reid in the 113th Congress to expedite presidential nominees by lowering the confirmation threshold of 60 votes to a simple majority of 51.
Also, Rep. Ed Royce will continue to chair HFAC, while Senator Corker takes the gavel of the SFRC from Senator Menendez.
THE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN BEGINS:
– BUSH 45?: No, I’m not talking about beer. I’m talking about the possibility of a third President Bush. On Tuesday, former Governor of Florida Jeb Bush (1999-2007) announced that he is “actively exploring the possibility of running” for President of the United States in 2016. Essentially what this means is that he has formed a political action committee (PAC) to begin fundraising. While this sounds like big news, it really only brings him up to speed with other potential Republican candidates like Senators Rand Paul (R-KY), Marco Rubio (R-FL), and Ted Cruz (R-TX) who already have their own leadership PACs.
For Armenian Americans, it’s important to note that in 2006 Governor Jeb Bush issued a proclamation recognizing the Armenian Genocide http://bit.ly/1xrERSn.
– Days until the Iowa caucuses: 396; Days until the 2016 election: 691
UPCOMING ARMENIAN ASSEMBLY EVENTS:
– LOS ANGELES, CA: The Armenian Assembly’s California office is hosting a Summer Intern Alumni Happy Hour tonight at The Griffin in Los Angeles from 6:00 – 9:00 PM. For more info check out the event page on Facebook here http://on.fb.me/1sHUSCw.
– BOCA RATON, FL: The Armenian Assembly South Florida Regional Council will host a 2015 Kick Off Reception at the Waterstone Resort in Boca Raton on Saturday, January 3, 2015 from 8:00 – 10:00 PM. You can download the invitation here http://bit.ly/1yZQhbi.
– LOS ANGELES, CA: On Saturday, January 17, the Assembly’s Southern California Regional Council will host its annual New Year Gathering at the home of Mr. & Mrs. Krikor and Marlene Yerevanian in Tarzana from 6:00 – 9:00 PM. Click here to download the flyer http://bit.ly/1J6ae8C.
ARMENIAN CONGRESSIONAL TRIVIA: Congratulations to Hagop Koushakjian and Peter Melkonian who both correctly answered that Edward Djerejian is another prominent Armenian American currently working at a university in Texas. Hagop gets bonus points for answering that Djerejian is the founder and director of the James Baker Institute of Public Policy at Rice University in Houston. As I hinted, Djerejian served as US Ambassador to Syria under President Ronald Reagan, and as US Ambassador to Israel under President Bill Clinton. For more on Djerejian and his role at Rice, see here: http://bit.ly/1w0uvCa.
Thanks for reading Peter, and glad to know my dad is keeping up with my columns, too!
Peter has this week’s question: Name an Armenian American politician from Long Island, New York. Hint: this person served as supervisor of one of the island’s cities. Bonus points if you can name the city and extra points for naming the company this person founded.
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